Jul-Dec 2015 | Vol 1 | Issue 1 | Page :11-15
Lukram A1*, Jadhav S2, Singh K3, Yadav A4
1*Consultant Prosthodontist And Maxillofacial Implantologist, Imphal, INDIA,
2PG Resident, TMDC and RC, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.
3PG Resident, Department of Prosthodontics, KD Dental College, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.,
4Consultant Orthodontist, Delhi, INDIA.
Objectives: Present study was conducted to determine the causes and types of partial and complete denture fractures. Materials and method: Totally 160 patients were examined, out of which 68(42%) were complete denture (CD) wearers and 92 (58%) removable partial denture (RPD) wearers. All the patients were reported to have the fracture in their dentures in the specific region. The questionnaire was administered which collected the information related to denture fracture and its relation with demographic variables and various other factors. Results: Lower partial denture was seen to be the most common type of denture base on which fracture occurred. Maximum number of fractured denture patients had Kennedy Class 1 lower partial denture (75.4%). More number of fractures occurs in 1-3 years age of denture (52.5%). 68.4% of males got fractured denture while 31.6% of females got fractured denture. Damage of denture according to age of wearer was seen mostly in age group of <=59 years. Impact wear (77.8%) was the main reason for denture fracture. Breakage in the acrylic base (69.8%) was the most important type of fracture. 57.4% of patients had not undergone any previous denture fracture. Complete denture (42.3%) is the most common type of antagonist to fractured denture base. In 92.8% of patients no strengthener was used. Conclusion: The life of a denture wearer gets paralyzed abruptly by the sudden fracture of his/her denture which becomes a necessity for his/her day to day routine life. As part of the dental education faculty, it is always our goal to make the life of denturewearers easier and happier by investigating and solving the problems related to complete denture patients. Damage to removable dentures is quite frequent causing much distress and cost to the patient. Present study finding’s provides reliable base-line data regarding the prevalence, distribution and severity of damage in dentures.
Keywords: : Acrylic resin, Complete denture, Denture fracture, Midline fracture.